We call This, That, These, Those demonstratives and they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun.
- We use this (singular), for a person or thing that is nearby or current.
- We use these (plural), for more than one thing that’s nearby.
- We use that (singular), for a person or thing that is further away.
- We use those (plural) Those boots are too expensive.
This and These
- This is my pen. (singular)
- This day could not get any better!
- This is very yummy
This was my sister’s ring.
- This is crazy!
That looks like the car I used to drive.
- These are our kids. (plural)
These are nice shoes, but they look uncomfortable.
These are the most comfortable.
- Could you help me move these?
Examples of This, These
That and Those
- That is our father. (singular)
- That house across the street is so adorable.
- I am not sure that is how you do it.
- Do you like that?
- That is not mine.
- Could you hand me that?
- Those are my pens. (plural)
- I would like those, please.
- Those belong to Sarah.
- Bring me those.
- Those are my friends.
Examples of That, Those
You can also use Demonstrative Pronouns by themselves:
- Did you do that?
- I’d like to buy these.
- Which of those would you like?
Listen to the examples
You can also use demonstratives before a noun. These are called demonstrative adjectives.
The Demonstrative Adjective needs to agree (= be the same form) as the noun.
Examples of demonstrative adjectives:
- This job is boring. (singular)
- That book is interesting. (singular)
- These apples are delicious. (plural)
- Those students are friendly. (plural)
- Give me that blue water bottle.
- This time I won’t fail you.
- I want those gorgeous marbles.
- I wanted to propose you that day.
- These mangoes are rotting.
- I can’t forget that incident.
- Those people were mean to her.
- I cannot give you money at this moment.
- I could not manage it at that moment.
- Those rascals are back in the town.
- This pen is smoother than that pen.
- Will you please grant me that loan we talked about?
- That building is stronger than this hut.
- But this hut is more beautiful than that building.